The Weird, Watery Tale of Spinosaurus

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  • Publicado el 8 may 2018
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    In 1912, a fossil collector discovered some strange bone fragments in the eerie, beautiful Cretaceous Bahariya rock formation of Egypt. Eventually, that handful of fossil fragments would reveal to scientists one of the strangest dinosaurs that ever existed -- the world鈥檚 only known semi-aquatic dinosaur.
    Thanks as always to Nobumichi Tamura for allowing us to use his wonderful paleoart: spinops.blogspot.com/
    Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: esclips.com/user/pbsdigitalstudios
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    References:
    blogs.scientificamerican.com/tetrapod-zoology/the-discovery-and-early-interpretation-of-spinosaurus/
    laelaps.wordpress.com/2007/08/02/what-big-neural-spines-you-have/
    www.prehistoric-wildlife.com/species/s/spinosaurus.html
    www.nature.com/articles/324359a0
    www.researchgate.net/profile/David_Martill/publication/277428738_A_new_crested_maniraptoran_dinosaur_from_the_Santana_Formation_Lower_Cretaceous_of_Brazil/links/54ac23b40cf2479c2ee76e0c/A-new-crested-maniraptoran-dinosaur-from-the-Santana-Formation-Lower-Cretaceous-of-Brazil.pdf
    science.sciencemag.org/content/282/5392/1276
    www.researchgate.net/profile/Gregory_Wilson4/publication/235242262_A_Long-Snouted_Predatory_Dinosaur_from_Africa_and_the_Evolution_of_Spinosaurids/links/004635268b0ff353e3000000.pdf
    www.researchgate.net/profile/Eric_Buffetaut/publication/228488989_New_information_on_the_skull_of_the_enigmatic_theropod_Spinosaurus_with_remarks_on_its_size_and_affinities/links/0912f5121ec22d6bdc000000.pdf
    ac.els-cdn.com/S1251805098800542/1-s2.0-S1251805098800542-main.pdf?_tid=2c66d5b1-c1b1-474b-9ec6-a48aa6dad0d5&acdnat=1524349730_cc6c271c4c4f70e8b44bb983edd459c6
    www.cambridge.org/core/journals/geological-magazine/article/riddle-of-spinosaurus-aegyptiacus-dorsal-sail/B19941405E1791A97230BCF003017B7B/core-reader
    news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/09/140911-spinosaurus-fossil-discovery-dinosaur-science/?beta=true
    www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/meet-mighty-spinosaurus-first-swimming-dinosaur-180952679/
    The Baryonyx walkeri is from Cuff A, Rayfield E
  • Ciencia y tecnolog铆aCiencia y tecnolog铆a

Comentarios • 1 253

  • Joshua Teo
    Joshua Teo Hace 5 horas

    Came to satisfy palaeontology fix, stayed for the music. Thanks!

  • Maia Isaila
    Maia Isaila Hace 3 d铆as

    I made a theory about the nostrils. They were on top because he dipped his head in tge water to catch fish so he woudn't drown

  • Vivian Newton
    Vivian Newton Hace 5 d铆as

    cool

  • Infinite_Nemesis 999
    Infinite_Nemesis 999 Hace 5 d铆as

    Your statement is untrue as spinosaurus had relative spinosaurids like baryonx, suchomimus and oxalaia

  • Howyaduing
    Howyaduing Hace 7 d铆as

    The closest were ever going to get a real life Godzilla

  • Saidsopmac
    Saidsopmac Hace 8 d铆as

    Could you do an insight episode about Lourinha fossil formation and the unique species found there?

  • The Mature people 4real
    The Mature people 4real Hace 8 d铆as

    Baryonx, Bayonx

  • Tiana R.
    Tiana R. Hace 9 d铆as +1

    Spinosaurus > T-Rex 馃槈馃槉

  • Abs Ken
    Abs Ken Hace 9 d铆as

    I wish i could go back in time not to change anything but to "spectate".

  • PipiLongStawlk
    PipiLongStawlk Hace 16 d铆as

    Excellent video, I didn't learn much because I already most of the stuff you said but still , this channel is absolutely amazing. I wish there would be more like it. You guys go amazing work to showcase paleontology!!

  • arijit kundu
    arijit kundu Hace 16 d铆as

    A captivating video with a very interesting subject. Thank you very much. As a retired geologist I may say that there were many genera of fish, amphibians and aquatic reptiles. Dorsal fins were there in fish. Dorsal fin like structure were mostly absent in amphibians. In some reptiles similar structures were there. In stegosaurus dorsal armoured plates were present. But none had such japanese hand fan like huge dorsal fin like thing as found in spinoceras. From evolutionary point of view both, the said armoured plates and the bony fin like organs are puzzllng.

  • Marty Marty
    Marty Marty Hace 24 d铆as

    I think it would be relly interesting to see how jellyfish developed

  • TheoGaming110
    TheoGaming110 Hace 25 d铆as

    So that means SPINOSAURUS is amphibian

  • 96ruiz
    96ruiz Hace 29 d铆as +1

    When i was in 2nd grade my teacher at the time made me do a report on a dinosaur. I remember looking at books for hours trying to decide which dinosaur to choose. I eventually settled on Spinosaurus; I remember thinking to myself this dinosaur is special. The information was sparse at the time, they knew it was discovered in africa; but that was it. I spent hours trying to find more information on It, and i did thanks to the to the early internet. I read and read more research about it; which i eventually understood after rereading them so many times. Anything just sate my curiosity; thinking back at it i even formed my own hypotheses about what the sail was used for. That research planted that little seed in me that eventually blossomed to a passion for Science. I'm in college rn majoring in Chemistry; and I'm just coming home to take a small break before i go back and study. Watching this video made me a little misty eyed as this was the reason my insatiable curiosity for the natural world came about. It puts things into perspective , you know?

  • wor575
    wor575 Hace un mes

    wait, if Baryonyx ate fish, wouldn't that at least *imply* it was also semi-aquatic?

  • Luis Royk
    Luis Royk Hace un mes

    YESSSS I LOVE SPINOSAURS!!!!

  • Anthony M
    Anthony M Hace un mes +1

    Goes from a real life godzilla to a crocodile swan. Why is reality so disappointing.

  • abraham Reyes Celis
    abraham Reyes Celis Hace un mes

    COOL

  • Crater Lake
    Crater Lake Hace un mes

    i loooove spinosaurus. have y'all done a mosasaur video yet? they're my favorite creatures! especially tylosaurus.

  • Sylkis89
    Sylkis89 Hace un mes

    Aren't penguins and such other known semi aquatic dinosaurs? Or arguably even things like ducks?

  • Hanif Huzairi
    Hanif Huzairi Hace un mes

    From the Spinosaurus Wikipedia page: "A 2018 study by Donald Henderson, however, refutes the claim that Spinosaurus was semiaquatic. By studying the buoyancy in lungs of crocodilians and comparing it to the lung placement in Spinosaurus, it was discovered that Spinosaurus could not sink or dive below the water surface. It was also capable of keeping its entire head above the water surface while floating, much like other non-aquatic theropods. Furthermore, the study found that Spinosaurus had to continually paddle its hind legs to prevent itself from tipping over onto its side, something that extant semiaquatic animals do not need to perform. Henderson therefore theorized that Spinosaurus probably did not hunt completely submerged in water as previously hypothesized, but instead would have spent much of its time on land or in shallow water."
    If this is true, all previous depictions of Spiny would rendered useless but instead re-portray the beast as more of a wader than a truly semiaquatic animal.

  • Kevin Burdeshaw
    Kevin Burdeshaw Hace un mes

    Nizar didn't uncover the new Spinosaur bones (amateur bone diggers did) but he did go back and find the original site. Watch "Bigger than T-rex" for the true incredible story.

  • Kaito Kofuku
    Kaito Kofuku Hace un mes

    Spinosaurus (Spinosaurus aegyptiacus) was indeed a peculiar dinosaur given that members of its family of theropod dinosaurs are known for their elongated crocodile-like snout.

  • xX_Neptune_Xx
    xX_Neptune_Xx Hace un mes

    It makes you wonder what kinds of things Spinosaurus would have given rise to had it continued to evolve past the K-T boundary. We would probably have far fewer crocodiles, at least in Africa, instead maybe something kind of like a Mosasaurus- Spinosaurus hybrid.

  • DeLEET Titan
    DeLEET Titan Hace un mes

    And just like that, Spinosaurus has become weirder

  • los1wochos
    los1wochos Hace un mes +1

    Very cool

  • DrinkEnemyBlood
    DrinkEnemyBlood Hace un mes

    if anyone is a gamer here check out The Isle, it's a dino game with the Spinosaurus and many more!

  • Steve Mourkakos
    Steve Mourkakos Hace un mes

    If they keep making spino croc-like it鈥檚 probably not even going to be a dinosaur :/

  • Manoj Mahajan
    Manoj Mahajan Hace un mes

    Obvious distant relatives of crocs and alligators.

    • Toostig
      Toostig Hace un mes

      lol, not even close...

  • Modar Daboul
    Modar Daboul Hace un mes

    The history of crocodilian

  • The DinoFeed
    The DinoFeed Hace un mes +2

    Really interesting video! The River of Giants sounds terrifying...

  • smallmak5
    smallmak5 Hace un mes

    can someone clear something up for me? she said there is no evidence of other aquatic dinosaurs not even semi aquatic ones. So what about all the plesiosaurs, mosasaurs, itchyosaurs. And I thought we beleive that the baryonix was semiaquatic.

    • Toostig
      Toostig Hace un mes

      those aren't dinosaurs, that are marine reptiles.
      and baryonyx could have spend time in the water, i don't see why not, but not nearly as much as spinosaurus.

  • Sau ron
    Sau ron Hace 2 meses

    I see spino I click the video

  • Kumtack Chow
    Kumtack Chow Hace 2 meses

    If all of spinosaurs cousin and all of the therapods are bipedal, it's quite strange to jump to conclusion that spino is quadped...

  • AdmiralOddSock
    AdmiralOddSock Hace 2 meses

    Wasn鈥檛 a baryonyx a semi aquatic Dino? Correct me if I鈥檓 wrong!
    Edit: I wrote this comment before they actually brought up the baryonyx.. damnit

  • Mystery Man
    Mystery Man Hace 2 meses

    I don鈥檛 think Spinosaurus was quadruple, but I do think it hunted in water, but it hunted more like a bear.

    • Toostig
      Toostig Hace un mes

      pelecan*
      like in bcc's documentory seems more plausible

  • CORNSNAKE's vlog's
    CORNSNAKE's vlog's Hace 2 meses +1

    I'm the only kid in my school that liked this dinosaur 馃槀

  • derci ferreira
    derci ferreira Hace 2 meses

    It was used for cooling.

  • MsMotron
    MsMotron Hace 2 meses

    amis sprechen deutsche namen so genial aus...

  • Izzys Mom Tattoos
    Izzys Mom Tattoos Hace 2 meses

    I now have a favorite dinosaur. Very cool.

  • Carl Dimayuga
    Carl Dimayuga Hace 2 meses

    Okay, but can we talk about that dino called Irritator?

  • critterfreek82
    critterfreek82 Hace 2 meses

    I remember as a boy in the early 1990's enjoying noshing on dinosaur-themed graham crackers, with Spinosaurus being one of the species. It very much looked like Stromer's reconstruction, and so did all the Spino renditions in my books. How radically our concept of it has changed since then!
    And just the other day, I read about a 3-D, computer modeling study that turns all of this on its head, purporting that Spinosaurus would actually have had quite a bit of trouble staying upright or managing to dive under the surface, and would NOT have been able to move on all fours. This is very much a case where we'll just have to see what develops!

  • Will Smith
    Will Smith Hace 2 meses

    The 2014 studies Spinosaurus needs 27% bigger legs and spino can鈥檛 swim

    • Will Smith
      Will Smith Hace 18 d铆as

      The guy who did the hip and leg math was a skeletal reconstruction artist called Scott Hartman

    • Will Smith
      Will Smith Hace un mes +1

      And that is some awesome and good art

    • Will Smith
      Will Smith Hace un mes +1

      I know right

    • Toostig
      Toostig Hace un mes +1

      +Will Smith it indeed didn't walk on all fours, its wrists coulnd't support the weight, the legs of ibrahim are indeed a bit to short but the legs are still proportionally very small compared to t.rex or giganotosaurus for example.
      something like this:
      www.deviantart.com/franoys/art/Spinosaurus-aegyptiacus-skeletal-MSNM-v-4047-706405411

    • Will Smith
      Will Smith Hace 2 meses +1

      And I agree that he had short legs

  • Johnny Koziol
    Johnny Koziol Hace 2 meses +1

    Please don鈥檛 stop this馃

  • My Pillow
    My Pillow Hace 2 meses +1

    The Irritator is my second favorite dinosaur, My first is the Spinosaurus.

  • Steve Matthew
    Steve Matthew Hace 3 meses

    She's my favorite

  • Weasle Forsythe
    Weasle Forsythe Hace 3 meses

    Spinosaurus: semi-aquatic, egg-laying dino of action!!!

  • CramDead
    CramDead Hace 3 meses

    I dont believe the spinosaurus had short legs because of the shape of Baryonyx and other Spinosaurae legs. They all have long hind legs, so I believe spino did too

    • Toostig
      Toostig Hace 2 meses

      To bad we did found the small legs...

  • Richard Wyatt
    Richard Wyatt Hace 3 meses

    Please do an in-depth dive into the River of Giants you mentioned during this episode. Please, please, please!

  • Rasitha Senevirathne
    Rasitha Senevirathne Hace 3 meses

    Irritator lol. The most irritating dinosaur

  • fiveoh3732
    fiveoh3732 Hace 3 meses

    A real life Wally Gator!!

  • ThugginCentipede
    ThugginCentipede Hace 3 meses

    Spinosaurus was the perfect dinosaur.

  • WhyDidntIInventYT
    WhyDidntIInventYT Hace 3 meses

    Spinosaurus was the apex predator of riverine environments, just as Trex dominated on land, and Mosasaurs dominated in the sea (which were marine reptiles and not technically dinosaurs).

  • Dom Trussardi
    Dom Trussardi Hace 3 meses

    Isn't it pretty much like a strange-looking croc, though? Am I missing something?

    • Toostig
      Toostig Hace 2 meses

      Kinda, its skull was completely different(maybe a gharial but not even close to a gator or slat water croc) it did posses the pressure sensores like a croc and conicol teeth has nothing to do with being like a croc, its the most common traid for fish eaters.

  • thatgamingmudkip 12
    thatgamingmudkip 12 Hace 3 meses

    Then how did they get a pretty damn accurate spino in jurassic park 3?

    • Toostig
      Toostig Hace 2 meses

      Its not accurate at all

  • Kobe Janssen
    Kobe Janssen Hace 3 meses

    I dig you guys! Animal planet is kaka, keep posting!

  • Transportia
    Transportia Hace 3 meses

    Enjoyed a lot of these vids--thank you Eons Team for this extremely useful contribution to popular science education.

  • TheMisterFinch
    TheMisterFinch Hace 3 meses

    I know Latin words are hard for Americans, but you could at least try...

  • Yusuf Dzh
    Yusuf Dzh Hace 3 meses

    I would like to know more about those giant coelacanths.

  • Lil Ravi
    Lil Ravi Hace 3 meses

    New studies say spinosaurus can鈥檛 swim

  • Ghastly Grinner
    Ghastly Grinner Hace 3 meses +1

    Any time I see a dinosaur I wonder "How would Man Kill it"

  • Alexander Stone
    Alexander Stone Hace 3 meses

    Spinosaurus is my all time fav extinct animal.It is so interesting , so big and scary , and yet fascianating

  • OctoGuy
    OctoGuy Hace 3 meses

    The small back legs of spinosaurus were from a juvenile because first of all, the leg measurements were all wrong. The bones around the pelvis needed to be increased by 20% and it couldn't walk on all fours like we do so the scientists announced that it need to walk on its knuckles much like a gorilla would, but to do this it needed to have reinforced knuckles. It didn't have them. Blus it needed to keep its claws sharp in order to catch its slippery prey items in the water. And how on earth could a knuckle walker be able to catch the fast moving Ouranosaurus and combat his rival carcharodontosaurus when droughts occurred, which, there is evidence for by the way. Just to say, spinosaurus was definitely not too front heavy to walk just on all fours. Take T rex for example. So all that in mind, we definitely can say that spinosaurus was not just a water dweller but a land animal at times.

  • DinosaurUniverse
    DinosaurUniverse Hace 3 meses

    I was surprised that you didn't mention that Spinosaurus was probably at least part of the time a quadrepedal.

  • Kirby Armstrong
    Kirby Armstrong Hace 3 meses

    Early godzilla

  • Noob Newbie
    Noob Newbie Hace 3 meses

    Spinosaurus was a beautiful creature not a monster that kills everything in sight as jack Horner once thought it was.

  • Noob Newbie
    Noob Newbie Hace 3 meses

    Spinosaurus swam like a duck not like a croc.

  • Parker Pshebnisky
    Parker Pshebnisky Hace 3 meses

    Spinosaurs is my second favorite Dino next to trex!

  • Joao Silva
    Joao Silva Hace 3 meses

    Spino is The best

  • Hanzarius
    Hanzarius Hace 3 meses

    Perhaps the spinal fin enabled proper temperature regulation while keeping the rest of the body underwater.

  • Packless1
    Packless1 Hace 3 meses

    2:55 ...aren't there theories, that Baryonyx is a juvenile Spinosaurus...?
    More please...! (hitting the 'subscribe-button' :D )

  • Harold Bongbong
    Harold Bongbong Hace 3 meses +1

    "The world's only knownsemi-aquatic dinosaur."
    Lurdusaurus, Halszkaraptor and Koreaceratops: Excuse me?

  • Radriarrr
    Radriarrr Hace 3 meses

    T. Rex: My life is over.

  • Rodfer
    Rodfer Hace 3 meses +1

    My favorite channel on youtube!

  • jm
    jm Hace 3 meses

    spinosaurus is my favourite dinosaur

  • Drik Sarkar
    Drik Sarkar Hace 3 meses

    Are you going to forget Charcarodontosaurus, Bahariasaurus, and Aegyptosaurus, all found at roughly the same time?

  • Luca Di rocco
    Luca Di rocco Hace 3 meses

    Spinosaurus is bipedal

  • thatguy04444
    thatguy04444 Hace 4 meses +1

    These videos are great! A credit to PBS!

  • Z3IRO
    Z3IRO Hace 4 meses

    Aren't penguins semi-aquatic dinosaurs?

    • Toostig
      Toostig Hace 4 meses

      technically yes xD
      it even had something in common with spinosaurus, its dense bones. its a common traid in more aquatic animals, further confirming spinosaurus was aquatic

  • Quinton Phelan
    Quinton Phelan Hace 4 meses

    Imagine coming across this while out for a swim馃槀

  • axemanandrew
    axemanandrew Hace 4 meses

    So without having a full, completely intact fossil skeleton how do we know these bones go with the other bones? Sounds like a bunch of mismatching going on.

    • Toostig
      Toostig Hace 4 meses

      well there is this theorie where the specimen nvnm v4047 actually belonged to sigilmassasaurus, reducing spinosaurus size to 40ft and 6 tonnes and making sigilmassasaurus 5 to 9 tons and 50 ft, not spinosaurus. so yeah it is being discussed

  • adventure
    adventure Hace 4 meses

    Spinosaurus was big, maybe it was the ancestor of modern whale(yes ik reptiles turning into mammals ) or something ifk

  • DougPhantom9
    DougPhantom9 Hace 4 meses

    Wait Soo JURASSIC PARK III SOMEHOW PREDICTED THE FUTURE AND WAS RIGHT WHAT HOW ?!?!??!?! TIME TRAVEL HAS BEEN EXPOSED OMG OMG OMG TIME TRAVEL IS REAL EXPOSED OMG HOW IS THIS POSSIBLE AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAH HEEEEEEELLLLLLLP JURRASIC PARK III HAS TIME TRAVEL AAAHH HOWWWW

  • TerminalVerbosity
    TerminalVerbosity Hace 4 meses

    I had no idea that I was 15 before they even knew what Spinosaurus looked like, and 21 before they actually put it all together. Mind. Blown.

  • AndrewsaurTheNerd
    AndrewsaurTheNerd Hace 4 meses

    0:52 until halzkaraptor

  • arie prajoedi
    arie prajoedi Hace 4 meses

    65 million years in future, modern species will found our fossil, and they will put fur and color us with blue and red.

  • Krishna Goyal
    Krishna Goyal Hace 4 meses

    It lived the way it did because it wanted to live the way it lived 馃槀馃槀

  • yeppeogeu
    yeppeogeu Hace 4 meses

    im a lot smaller that that thing's back spine... it could've eaten me in one bite

  • G酶lden
    G酶lden Hace 4 meses

    Background music? Please... If anyone know please please tell your my hero 鈾

  • KILL 508
    KILL 508 Hace 4 meses

    You forgot to mention that it was the largest carnivorous theropod ever

  • Traci Lombardi
    Traci Lombardi Hace 4 meses

    So, is it possible the back legs are from an infant instead? I don鈥檛 think this is the final appearance Spinosaurus will take...

    • Toostig
      Toostig Hace 4 meses

      well its pretty much 100% confirmed it had small hind limbs. so yeah, spinosaurus had small hind limbs

  • HappyFace
    HappyFace Hace 4 meses

    And that is why I love this dinosaur.

  • A Single Piece Of Paper That Says

    I'm late, but spinosaurus was more than likely bipedal if anything it was most likely both

  • selfie kroos
    selfie kroos Hace 4 meses

    JP3 was awesome

  • chaitali chaudhuri
    chaitali chaudhuri Hace 4 meses

    There is a fully aquatic dino. Its name is hesperornis,it was a bird that looks like a hybrid between a penguin and a cormorant and had a watery lifestyle.

  • Jerry Liu
    Jerry Liu Hace 4 meses

    We dish out all these fantastic drawings from little bone fragments?

  • rattyeely
    rattyeely Hace 4 meses

    It's both weird and cool that they keep switching between modern and outdated reconstructions of Spineosaurs

  • Gibbus
    Gibbus Hace 4 meses

    yes spino is da best the greatest dino

  • mayanimation `
    mayanimation ` Hace 4 meses

    Stupid war that destroys scientific evidences

  • CoolCurry
    CoolCurry Hace 4 meses

    I. Love. You.