The Weird, Watery Tale of Spinosaurus

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  • Publicado el 8 may 2018
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    In 1912, a fossil collector discovered some strange bone fragments in the eerie, beautiful Cretaceous Bahariya rock formation of Egypt. Eventually, that handful of fossil fragments would reveal to scientists one of the strangest dinosaurs that ever existed -- the world’s only known semi-aquatic dinosaur.
    Thanks as always to Nobumichi Tamura for allowing us to use his wonderful paleoart: spinops.blogspot.com/
    Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: esclips.com/user/pbsdigitalstudios
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    References:
    blogs.scientificamerican.com/tetrapod-zoology/the-discovery-and-early-interpretation-of-spinosaurus/
    laelaps.wordpress.com/2007/08/02/what-big-neural-spines-you-have/
    www.prehistoric-wildlife.com/species/s/spinosaurus.html
    www.nature.com/articles/324359a0
    www.researchgate.net/profile/David_Martill/publication/277428738_A_new_crested_maniraptoran_dinosaur_from_the_Santana_Formation_Lower_Cretaceous_of_Brazil/links/54ac23b40cf2479c2ee76e0c/A-new-crested-maniraptoran-dinosaur-from-the-Santana-Formation-Lower-Cretaceous-of-Brazil.pdf
    science.sciencemag.org/content/282/5392/1276
    www.researchgate.net/profile/Gregory_Wilson4/publication/235242262_A_Long-Snouted_Predatory_Dinosaur_from_Africa_and_the_Evolution_of_Spinosaurids/links/004635268b0ff353e3000000.pdf
    www.researchgate.net/profile/Eric_Buffetaut/publication/228488989_New_information_on_the_skull_of_the_enigmatic_theropod_Spinosaurus_with_remarks_on_its_size_and_affinities/links/0912f5121ec22d6bdc000000.pdf
    ac.els-cdn.com/S1251805098800542/1-s2.0-S1251805098800542-main.pdf?_tid=2c66d5b1-c1b1-474b-9ec6-a48aa6dad0d5&acdnat=1524349730_cc6c271c4c4f70e8b44bb983edd459c6
    www.cambridge.org/core/journals/geological-magazine/article/riddle-of-spinosaurus-aegyptiacus-dorsal-sail/B19941405E1791A97230BCF003017B7B/core-reader
    news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/09/140911-spinosaurus-fossil-discovery-dinosaur-science/?beta=true
    www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/meet-mighty-spinosaurus-first-swimming-dinosaur-180952679/
    The Baryonyx walkeri is from Cuff A, Rayfield E
  • Ciencia y tecnologíaCiencia y tecnología

Comentarios • 1 431

  • Zed
    Zed Hace un día

    Hm is the spinosaurus bipedal or quadrapedal? (Sorry if i made some typing mistakes)

  • Yanuchi Uchiha: Anime, Games and Ramdomness

    Note that the 'new' Spinosaurus as is stated in the video is most likely a Juvenile...




    meaning it might have developed into a bipedal stance later in it's life. Thus, we need more fossils

  • Red
    Red Hace 8 días

    What about Oxalaia?

  • Justin Schaefer
    Justin Schaefer Hace 10 días

    "No other semiaquatic dinosaurs..."
    Penguins?

  • Sven-Bertil Tååbe
    Sven-Bertil Tååbe Hace 14 días

    Probably was in the water all time, and sail warmed them up.

  • Bluthammer
    Bluthammer Hace 14 días

    So who is to say the Sucho isn't a young Spino?

    • Toostig
      Toostig Hace 10 días

      No just no....

  • Erik Berggren
    Erik Berggren Hace 15 días

    Spino is fisk it cant kill anything else than ANT or other fisk that means it is fishy it killed rex

  • tost cow
    tost cow Hace 18 días

    Wait, s o people discovered how spinosaurus looked in 2014. So how the f**k it appeared in 2001 Jurassic park 3?

  • Hazelnuttree87
    Hazelnuttree87 Hace 21 un día

    I have a two year who is obsessed with dinosaurs, only now can appreciate my degree in geology and videos like these haha

  • Tabitha Woo
    Tabitha Woo Hace 23 días +1

    How is no one talking about the fact that this thing was described by a man named Reichenbach? HOW?!!

  • HinerHole
    HinerHole Hace 24 días

    Stop showing your face it disrupts the video we don’t need to see hand gestures

  • planet 9 productions
    planet 9 productions Hace 25 días

    dang that poster looks so cool but I can't afford it. maybe next time

  • Calob Adams
    Calob Adams Hace un mes

    My favorite dinosaur 🙌🏽🙌🏽

  • Howard Xing
    Howard Xing Hace un mes +1

    I thought baryonx, iritator and suchomimus were semi-aquatic

  • Prehistoric Art
    Prehistoric Art Hace un mes

    U guys forgot to mention about Scott Hartman’s reconstruction because the one you showed in the video is classed as inaccurate because the legs are 28% smaller than what they should be, but it was really enjoyable and I love hearing about its history during ww2 u guys r awesome so keep popping out these dinosaur videos

    • Toostig
      Toostig Hace 10 días

      Hartman only disagreed, he didn't prove that Ibrahims proportions are wrong, in fact Ibrahims team corrected Hartman on his reconstruction later on....

  • Derek
    Derek Hace un mes

    how about carnotaurus meat eating bull and its the only carnivorous dinosaur with horns

  • Daniel Thomas
    Daniel Thomas Hace un mes +1

    Just found this channel
    And I adore it. So interesting and informative!!!

  • Henry Poirier
    Henry Poirier Hace un mes

    Giganautosaurus

  • Arni Geir
    Arni Geir Hace un mes

    With these adaptation, neck posture and a possibility of feathers it could have looked allot like a duck...
    Knowing ducks I'd say it's way more scary.

  • Danny San
    Danny San Hace un mes

    Evolution of crocodyloformes !!!

  • Geleeuw
    Geleeuw Hace un mes

    Considering their gait, I'd say they needed the sail to stay balanced while swimming.

  • FrenchToasties123
    FrenchToasties123 Hace un mes

    Are we really asking why something existed? I mean, look at the platypus.

  • adrian rainbow
    adrian rainbow Hace un mes

    3:28 the irrirator 😂
    Also 6:29 that's an alligator not a croc

  • KillerKlown690
    KillerKlown690 Hace un mes

    I find it so strange that in 90% of the videos I watch of strange and unknown fossils they get destroyed either by sinking ships or buried in rubble after getting bombed....

  • Harry Bomes
    Harry Bomes Hace un mes

    What about the similarity to Dimetrodon and the other sail backed synapsids?

  • James sickmore
    James sickmore Hace un mes

    The sails where for drying there laundry.

  • Ambergris
    Ambergris Hace un mes

    RUUUUUDYYYYYYYY !!!!!!!!!

  • jonathan d
    jonathan d Hace un mes +1

    Jeeebas the sail was made for blood temperature regulation.

    • Toostig
      Toostig Hace 10 días

      No it wasn't, it was a display structure("sail")

  • Chris Long
    Chris Long Hace un mes

    So if we didn't know exactly what it looked like until 2008 how TF did the people who made Jurassic Park 3 depict it so perfectly in 2001

    • Toostig
      Toostig Hace 10 días

      Jp3 Spinosaurus accurate? Excuse me but that's one of the most misleading and inaccurate desinges ever mare for the animal... It's not even remotely close to being accurate.

    • John DC
      John DC Hace un mes

      It wasn't really that perfect. The sail was still wrong, and the producers themselves said that the spino in the film was a hybrid.

  • Almost God
    Almost God Hace un mes

    0:23 *Salutes*

  • Young Suga
    Young Suga Hace 2 meses

    if the spine of a spinosaurus can fit in a box I don't think the spine was very big ;/

  • tobias prasetyo
    tobias prasetyo Hace 2 meses

    coelacanths with the size of a bus... WHOA

  • J L
    J L Hace 2 meses

    Spinosaurus vs a strong wind hahahaha

  • Jamin Jace
    Jamin Jace Hace 2 meses

    5:07 top corner u find it

  • Max Skylar Molina
    Max Skylar Molina Hace 2 meses

    Wait a minute.. correct me if i'm wrong but if the spinosaurus was discover'd to look like that in 2014, What about JP3 they imagined it to look like that.

  • Yo Mama
    Yo Mama Hace 2 meses

    There are other semi aquatic dinosaurs from its family

  • Drako Spangler
    Drako Spangler Hace 2 meses

    What about Baryonix

  • RBviper
    RBviper Hace 2 meses

    From many studies it has been proven Spinosaurus was bipedal or it was both. It probably used all 4 limbs when it wanted and walked on 2 legs when it wanted. This would make the most sense.

  • HenryManson
    HenryManson Hace 2 meses

    why having an elaborate sail on the back?! , i bet because its sexy to the females!

  • Barbatos Lupus Rex
    Barbatos Lupus Rex Hace 2 meses

    I’m seriously in love with the new look of the spinosaurus. It’s so cool and unique now. It’s not just like a regular theropod that hunted other dinosaurs and with similar body build.

  • ExploreMore DoMore
    ExploreMore DoMore Hace 2 meses

    as jurrasic park 3 was released in 2001, the spinosaur in that movie was based on some drawings and writings?

  • Caeric
    Caeric Hace 2 meses

    Weren't the related Baryonyx and Suchimimus believed to probably have similar semi-aquatic lifestyles as well? In addition to likely being piscivorous to large degree that is based on the shape of the snout and fangs that is

    • Toostig
      Toostig Hace 2 meses

      not necessarily. they wheren't thought to be semi-aquatci, and still aren't. not like spinosaurus who we believe spent large amounts of time in the water.
      barynonyx and suchomimus are known to be piscovores, but not necessarily semi aquatic, atleast not nearly as much as we believe spinosaurus to be semi aquatic.
      they also don't shown nearly as much traits is spent time in the water as spinosaurus.
      yes they hunted fish and possesed cone shaped teeth but probably not like spinosaurus and not as often/much as spinosaurus.

  • Mr Yeast
    Mr Yeast Hace 2 meses

    This video seems wrong... the first new fossils of the spinosaurus was found in 2008 but jurassic park 3 came out in 2001 and it looks exactly like the depictions after 2008 whattttt hmmm

  • Darth Abby & Her apprentice Darth Chloè

    Spinosaurides(I know I spelt it wrong) are my favorite group of dinosaurs. It’s got sucho,barry,irritator and many more

  • MrAndr144R
    MrAndr144R Hace 2 meses +1

    Beautiful beautiful beautiful

  • Klaxo Shinji Takamiya
    Klaxo Shinji Takamiya Hace 2 meses

    Spinosaurus is a dinosaur of all my childhood! But if it come back to life, it will be my dream and nightmare come true.

  • Ian Grant
    Ian Grant Hace 2 meses

    The four reasons for the sail are not mutually exclusive. Indeed, “for fighting” and “attracting mates” are complimentary!

    • Ian Grant
      Ian Grant Hace 2 meses

      +Toostig I guess they'd fight like lizards - butting heads, biting, that sort of thing? I dunno... I didn't think about that!

    • Toostig
      Toostig Hace 2 meses

      with fighting you mean intimidating... right?
      don't know how spinosaurus will be able to use its sail in a fight

  • duckmanisnothere
    duckmanisnothere Hace 2 meses

    Who knew the spino in ARK before this?

  • Daddy AF
    Daddy AF Hace 2 meses

    Spinosaurus’ sail may have prevented it from killing itself. When chasing fish underwater it may have found its way into some very tight places under rocks, fallen trees, mangrove roots etc. the sail would prevented it from going so far into underwater hazards where it would be trapped and drowned.

  • Tony StormTrooper
    Tony StormTrooper Hace 2 meses

    Evolution of spinosaurus baryonyx irattor and last spinosaurus

  • Bastion Unit B73
    Bastion Unit B73 Hace 2 meses

    I think the sail kept spino at the same level in the water by shifting his center weight upward

  • Paris Roam
    Paris Roam Hace 2 meses

    Feathers?

    • Toostig
      Toostig Hace 2 meses

      nope.
      atleasy not with our current understanding of spinosaurus.
      its part of the Megalosauridae, a pretty large family and no sign of feathers have ever been found. and its a far down the line so feathers on spinosaurus would almost be considered to not be present at all.

  • Joel Underwood
    Joel Underwood Hace 2 meses

    Ok so when are you doing the video on these river dwelling coelocanths the size of buses?

  • Applehead Defender
    Applehead Defender Hace 2 meses

    Oof iss just some dinosaur

  • Littlewizzle 05
    Littlewizzle 05 Hace 2 meses

    Spinosaur is my most favourite dinosaur

  • Adangamez 360
    Adangamez 360 Hace 2 meses

    Looks like a huge alligator.

  • Black Cat Wrath
    Black Cat Wrath Hace 2 meses

    It makes me wonder how JP3 got the depiction of the spinosaurus so accurate to the 2014 discovery. Hopefully the movie didn't influence the aesthetic too much and it was merely coincidence. I like to think that the special effects coordinator for the movie just did his own research with the little information he had and made a realistic adaptation of the spinosaurus before the actual paleontologists found enough evidence to make a calculated assumption of what the creature looked like.

  • DS Scroggin
    DS Scroggin Hace 2 meses

    By far the coolest dinosaur...

  • The Flaine
    The Flaine Hace 2 meses

    When you say Spinosaurus was the only known semi aquatic dinosaur, I couldn't help but wonder: Wouldn't the other fish eating dinosaurs like Irratator and Baryonyx be, by default on the grounds of their diet, also be semi-aquatic? And what about the duckbill dinosaurs like Paraceralophus? Weren't they always thought to be semi aquatic?

  • Goran Abdelrahman
    Goran Abdelrahman Hace 2 meses

    I really think the sail was for all of those things

  • Vladimir Putin
    Vladimir Putin Hace 2 meses

    The spine look like rock formations it's probably for camoufladge and when prey touches it. It will then snap on it with it's jaws

  • caboosemacs
    caboosemacs Hace 2 meses

    This woman is wife material. Also cool vid.

  • Megalodon
    Megalodon Hace 2 meses

    Spinosauris is a truly fascinating and mysterious animal from an age long past. Our understanding of it continues to change with time as new specimens are found. Though much about it’s appearance and features remain up for debate, it is without a doubt one of the strangest, most uniquely adapted theropods of all time, and it remains my favorite dinosaur because of this fact.

  • TameTheDragon94
    TameTheDragon94 Hace 2 meses

    They should have waited awhile to make Jurassic Park III. Then the lore wouldn’t have gotten all confusing.

  • Forever Pink F.
    Forever Pink F. Hace 2 meses

    Why do you put this wobbly effect on your slides? I find it pretty disturbing. Otherwise I really love your series because it´s free of "funny" comments and very informative.

  • Alien QUARTZ
    Alien QUARTZ Hace 2 meses +2

    Your vidoes never stops the amaze me!!!

  • Blastoision
    Blastoision Hace 2 meses

    The Spinosaurus will always be my favourite dinosaur

  • MrKyurem
    MrKyurem Hace 2 meses

    Now make a part 2 talking about the semi-quadruped theory

  • TRIGGA_HAPPY
    TRIGGA_HAPPY Hace 2 meses +1

    The spinosaurus is GOAT

  • nightwing
    nightwing Hace 2 meses

    What about the baryonyx I thought it was aquatic

    • John DC
      John DC Hace 2 meses

      The baryonyx likely just hunted in rivers, where it just waded itself through the water, sort of like what flamingos and herons do.

  • Aaron Crandall
    Aaron Crandall Hace 2 meses +1

    Your my favorite narrator

  • Ken Bell
    Ken Bell Hace 2 meses

    In a stable environment with full trophic niches, sexual selection drives evolution.

  • Anarchy Antz
    Anarchy Antz Hace 3 meses

    That seriously is an awesome name for a Paleontologist.

  • Ramirín Cisneros
    Ramirín Cisneros Hace 3 meses

    I really prefer the spine reconstructions with the fatty sails over the ugly, membranous look that most artists prefer.

  • dilophosaurus sk
    dilophosaurus sk Hace 3 meses +1

    HEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEY!!! t-rex fanboys, where you at?!

  • Daniel Cooper
    Daniel Cooper Hace 3 meses

    Could you make a video about ancient penguins?

  • Geoscience Imaging
    Geoscience Imaging Hace 3 meses +1

    Really enjoy all these videos, keep up the great work Eons!!

  • Hydrogen Atom
    Hydrogen Atom Hace 3 meses

    I bet it had feathers too. Oily feathers like what a duck had.

  • Joshua Teo
    Joshua Teo Hace 3 meses

    Came to satisfy palaeontology fix, stayed for the music. Thanks!

  • Maia Isaila
    Maia Isaila Hace 3 meses

    I made a theory about the nostrils. They were on top because he dipped his head in tge water to catch fish so he woudn't drown

  • Vivian Newton
    Vivian Newton Hace 3 meses

    cool

  • Infinite_Nemesis 999
    Infinite_Nemesis 999 Hace 3 meses

    Your statement is untrue as spinosaurus had relative spinosaurids like baryonx, suchomimus and oxalaia

  • Howyaduing
    Howyaduing Hace 3 meses

    The closest were ever going to get a real life Godzilla

  • Saidsopmac
    Saidsopmac Hace 3 meses

    Could you do an insight episode about Lourinha fossil formation and the unique species found there?

  • The Mature people 4real

    Baryonx, Bayonx

  • Tiana R.
    Tiana R. Hace 3 meses +1

    Spinosaurus > T-Rex 😉😊

  • Abs Ken
    Abs Ken Hace 3 meses

    I wish i could go back in time not to change anything but to "spectate".

  • PipiLongStawlk
    PipiLongStawlk Hace 3 meses

    Excellent video, I didn't learn much because I already most of the stuff you said but still , this channel is absolutely amazing. I wish there would be more like it. You guys go amazing work to showcase paleontology!!

  • arijit kundu
    arijit kundu Hace 3 meses

    A captivating video with a very interesting subject. Thank you very much. As a retired geologist I may say that there were many genera of fish, amphibians and aquatic reptiles. Dorsal fins were there in fish. Dorsal fin like structure were mostly absent in amphibians. In some reptiles similar structures were there. In stegosaurus dorsal armoured plates were present. But none had such japanese hand fan like huge dorsal fin like thing as found in spinoceras. From evolutionary point of view both, the said armoured plates and the bony fin like organs are puzzllng.

  • Eric
    Eric Hace 4 meses

    I think it would be relly interesting to see how jellyfish developed

  • ClydePlayz117
    ClydePlayz117 Hace 4 meses

    So that means SPINOSAURUS is amphibian

  • 96ruiz
    96ruiz Hace 4 meses +1

    When i was in 2nd grade my teacher at the time made me do a report on a dinosaur. I remember looking at books for hours trying to decide which dinosaur to choose. I eventually settled on Spinosaurus; I remember thinking to myself this dinosaur is special. The information was sparse at the time, they knew it was discovered in africa; but that was it. I spent hours trying to find more information on It, and i did thanks to the to the early internet. I read and read more research about it; which i eventually understood after rereading them so many times. Anything just sate my curiosity; thinking back at it i even formed my own hypotheses about what the sail was used for. That research planted that little seed in me that eventually blossomed to a passion for Science. I'm in college rn majoring in Chemistry; and I'm just coming home to take a small break before i go back and study. Watching this video made me a little misty eyed as this was the reason my insatiable curiosity for the natural world came about. It puts things into perspective , you know?

  • wor575
    wor575 Hace 4 meses

    wait, if Baryonyx ate fish, wouldn't that at least *imply* it was also semi-aquatic?

  • Luis Royk
    Luis Royk Hace 4 meses

    YESSSS I LOVE SPINOSAURS!!!!

  • Anthony M
    Anthony M Hace 4 meses +1

    Goes from a real life godzilla to a crocodile swan. Why is reality so disappointing.

  • abraham Reyes Celis
    abraham Reyes Celis Hace 4 meses

    COOL

  • Crater Lake
    Crater Lake Hace 4 meses

    i loooove spinosaurus. have y'all done a mosasaur video yet? they're my favorite creatures! especially tylosaurus.

  • Sylkis89
    Sylkis89 Hace 4 meses

    Aren't penguins and such other known semi aquatic dinosaurs? Or arguably even things like ducks?

  • Hanif Huzairi
    Hanif Huzairi Hace 4 meses

    From the Spinosaurus Wikipedia page: "A 2018 study by Donald Henderson, however, refutes the claim that Spinosaurus was semiaquatic. By studying the buoyancy in lungs of crocodilians and comparing it to the lung placement in Spinosaurus, it was discovered that Spinosaurus could not sink or dive below the water surface. It was also capable of keeping its entire head above the water surface while floating, much like other non-aquatic theropods. Furthermore, the study found that Spinosaurus had to continually paddle its hind legs to prevent itself from tipping over onto its side, something that extant semiaquatic animals do not need to perform. Henderson therefore theorized that Spinosaurus probably did not hunt completely submerged in water as previously hypothesized, but instead would have spent much of its time on land or in shallow water."
    If this is true, all previous depictions of Spiny would rendered useless but instead re-portray the beast as more of a wader than a truly semiaquatic animal.

  • Kevin Burdeshaw
    Kevin Burdeshaw Hace 4 meses

    Nizar didn't uncover the new Spinosaur bones (amateur bone diggers did) but he did go back and find the original site. Watch "Bigger than T-rex" for the true incredible story.